By Jennifer Kyrnin
XML often sounds more confusing than it really is because there are a lot of jargon terms.
Once you understand the following terms, you'll be able to read most basic XML tutorials and
have a much better chance of understanding what they mean.
What You Need To Know
In order to best understand these terms, you should have a clear understanding of HTML.
If you want to learn HTML, or just brush up, try the
- A part of an element that provides additional information about that element.
Attributes and XML
attribute glossary entry
- An XML element that is contained within another element.
child glossary entry
- Document Type Definition. A DTD provides a list of the elements, attributes, comments, notes, and entities contained in the document, as well as their relationships to one another.
DTDs and Markup Languages
DTD glossary entry
- An XML element is the central building block of any XML document.
Elements in XML
element glossary entry
- The characters and codes that change a text document into an XML or other Markup Language document. This includes the < and > characters as well as the elements and attributes of a document.
What is a Markup Language
markup glossary entry
- Placing one element inside another. When two tags are opened, they must be closed in the reverse order.
nesting glossary entry
- An XML element that contains another element.
parent glossary entry
- The markup characters that indicate the start or end of an element - but not the element content itself.
tag glossary entry
- An XML document that is verified correct against a DTD or schema.
Create a Valid XML Document
valid glossary entry
- An XML document that follows the rules set forth by the XML specification, including having an XML declaration, correct comments, all tags are closed, all attributes are quoted, every document has one "container" element.
Create a Well-Formed Document
well-formed glossary entry